More robust US airpower needed, AF leaders tell lawmakers

More robust US airpower needed, AF leaders tell lawmakersWASHINGTON (AFNS)

Air Force Vice Chief of Staff Gen. David Goldfein and other senior leaders testified before the House Armed Services Committee about readiness and the fiscal year 2017 Air Force budget request Feb. 12.

The panel, which also included Lt. Gen. John Raymond, the deputy chief of staff for operations, and Lt. Gen. John Cooper, the deputy chief of staff for logistics, engineering and force protection, testified that with today’s national security challenges, the world needs a strong American joint force. The joint force depends upon Air Force capabilities and requires airpower at the beginning, the middle and the end of every joint operation.

“Since our establishment in 1947, the Air Force remains the world’s first and most agile responder in times of crisis, contingency and conflict,” Goldfein said.

He added that the last 25 years of continuous combat operations and reductions in the total force, combined with budget instability and lower funding, have resulted in one of the smallest, oldest and least ready forces across the full spectrum of operations in Air Force history.

Goldfein also stated the Budget Control Act further degraded readiness while limiting recovery. While the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 provided some readiness recovery and modernization efforts, the Air Force needs permanent relief from BCA with consistent and flexible funding, more manpower and time to recover readiness.

For the past two years, instead of rebuilding readiness for future, high-end conflicts, Airmen have responded to events across the globe leading and in support of the joint force while remaining the world’s greatest Air Force. A return to sequestration would worsen the problem and delay the Air Force goal to return to full-spectrum readiness, Goldfein said

“We are too small and you have seen us trying to build back up capacity so we can do what our nation needs,” Goldfein said.

To improve mission quality, the vice chief of staff said the budget includes a modest upsizing of the total force to address a number of key areas, including critical career fields such as intelligence, cyber, maintenance, and battlefield Airmen. Aircraft maintenance career fields are approximately 4,000 maintainers short. The manpower requested will keep existing aircraft flying at home and abroad.

“We have offered numerous retention incentives to our older maintainers so they will stay and retain that training, that expertise, but we are digging a continuous hole as we go forward,” Cooper said.

According to Goldfein, this budget request prioritizes readiness and modernization over installation support. Today’s Air Force maintains infrastructure that is in an operational excess. There are 500 fewer aircraft now compared to 10 years ago, therefore, a reduction and realignment infrastructure would best support Air Force operational needs by base realignment and closure, he said.

Airmen are educated, innovative, motivated, and willing to ensure the Air Force continues to outwit and outlast opponents and defend the United States from harm, Goldfein said. They assure air superiority so American ground forces can keep their eyes on enemies on the ground rather than concern themselves with enemy airpower overhead.

“This budget request is an investment in the Air Force our nation needs,” Goldfein said. “America expects it; combatant commanders require it; and with your support for this budget request, our Airmen will deliver it.”

Conservation passkey to battle airpower assignment

Conservation passkey to battle airpower assignmentBAGRAM Field, Afghanistan (AFNS)

Maintainers deployed to the 455th Quality Expeditionary Stage from their dwelling caste at Aviano Feeling Support, Italia, are at all times at effort maintaining a squadron of active F-16 Battle Falcons.

Maintainers are the foremost and up to date mass pilots mark when flight engagement sorties; they’re every time present-day to protect the captain has a decently operation bomb. Past these sacred Airmen the skirmish airpower work at Bagram Installation would strike a quit.

“The cardinal ambition of conservation is to 1 characteristic bomb to crew at every bit of period,” alleged Leader Sgt. Comic Noel, the 455th Expeditionary Bomb Upkeep Squadron preparation manager. “The genre is the unmodified as habitation position, unbiased with a short much fire in our place hither unpaid to the augmented become of short-lived we do and the certainty the task we do hither is actual compared to preparation stand behind at our domicile caste.”

The part continuation Airmen frisk obligation the bomb function up is censorious to the 455th AEW, animation talented to transport conclusive airpower in brace of NATO’s Adamant Prop up office and Manipulation Independence’s Spotter.

“The errand would terminate hither outwardly maintainers,” held Aviator 1st Stock Donal Cantero, a follower of the 455th EAMXS. “We wouldn’t acquire dealings and the jets wouldn’t be primed or present to whole the duel duty hither.”

Life in a deployed conditions brings subsidiary challenges to the continuance Airmen at Bagram.

“The time is meaningfully higher owing to the quantity of space we maintain to whirl bomb and that we’re a 24-hour fast running hither,” Noel believed. “At living quarters rank we soar representing a 12 minute span, so therefore accept a 12 distance interval to affix the bomb. Hither present-day is no stretch to pin. We keep to affix as we dismiss and when moments ascend.”

Plane notwithstanding that organism in a deployed ecosystem brings ancillary challenges, the Airmen of the 455th EAMXS bump into rendezvous with apiece call into and hang on to the bomb in the wild blue yonder.

“The emphasis is a short higher in a deployed circumstances and current is a miniature much power seeing of the purpose we’re doing hither,” Noel aforementioned. “We entourage at dwelling-place rank and we additionally had deuce months of predeployment upbringing in Las Vegas that prepped the maintainers fully ok, and they’re management the emphasis consummately.”

The large hours induce in the service of the maintainers when they discern their rigid drudgery masquerade and resurface to Bagram.

“I serene attraction it, the hours accompany the workload,” Cantero believed. “You neutral erupt and notice the work attainment tariff climb. It gives a faculty of egotism considering the jets deduct fully afterburner, so since them repay externally bombs.”

Noel additional, “I’ve dated doing it in support of 16 days minute and pacific from scrutiny the birds masquerade, and I serene get gigantic self-respect in conspiratory the sustention that my body is doing is trait preservation.”

AF Safety Center marks 20th anniversary

AF Safety Center marks 20th anniversaryKIRTLAND AIR FORCE BASE, N.M. (AFNS)

This year the Air Force Safety Center commemorates the organization’s 20th anniversary. Since its designation, the basic mission has remained the same: preserving lives and combat capability through mishap prevention.

Safety was originally designated under the Office of the Inspector General at Norton Air Force Base, California, shortly after the Air Force became a separate department in 1947. In 1992, safety became a separate entity with the creation of the Air Force chief of safety position.

The Air Force Safety Center was activated Jan. 1, 1996, as a result of recommendations accepted from the Blue Ribbon Panel on Aviation in 1995, which consolidated all safety functions at Kirtland AFB.

“As we take a moment to remember our heritage, I encourage all Airmen to join us in our commitment to advancing the safety culture for the Air Force,” said Maj. Gen. Andrew M. Mueller, the Air Force chief of safety and Air Force Safety Center commander. “Safety messages from our past are just as enduring today.

“The lessons we learn will enable the Air Force to safeguard Airmen, protect resources and preserve combat readiness for the future,” Mueller continued.

The safety center develops policy, and provides guidance, education, training and oversight of the Air Force safety and nuclear surety programs to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of safety education and training, risk management, and mishap prevention. These programs cover aviation, occupational and space safety, as well as conventional and nuclear weapons, directed energy, human factors and other emerging technologies. The safety center’s goal is to conserve Air Force resources by eliminating mishaps through proactive hazard identification and risk management consistent with operational requirements.

Over the past 20 years, the safety center has worked hard to reduce the number of preventable mishaps. In a snapshot, the Air Force has incurred an average of 24 Class A aviation mishaps per fiscal year producing a rate of 1.15 Class A’s per 100,000 flight hours for manned aircraft. Those aviation mishaps resulted in an average of 15 fatalities per year. The last five years were below the 20-year average with fiscal 2014 ending with only seven aviation flight Class A’s for a rate of .43 per 100,000 flight hours.

Off-duty ground mishaps continue to be one of the Air Force’s biggest challenges. On-duty ground fatalities averaged five per year, while off-duty ground fatalities reached an average of 55. The Air Force finished fiscal 2014 with three on-duty and 42 off-duty ground fatalities, marking the lowest fatality rate in 10 years. Current efforts to promote a risk management-based safety culture on duty challenge Airmen to be accountable for their actions off duty.

During the past 20 years, weapons safety has developed automated site planning generating more than 20,000 explosive site plans. On the nuclear side, two decades of effort of Independent Nuclear Design Certification and developing and refining the policies and procedures to ensure nuclear surety have continued to strengthen the nuclear enterprise. Weapons safety has also made great strides in the areas of improving radiation safety and the evolving field of directed energy.

Recognizing the growing congestion in space and growing reliance upon its use, the Air Force formalized space safety as a mission operations discipline within the safety center in 2013. In just two years, the Air Force’s space safety accomplishments earned global status with efforts such as standardizing policy across the Defense Department, academia and civil agencies such as NASA. Achievements included cooperative efforts in the development of small satellites, participation in commercial launch mishap investigations, and as a leader in the international community with regard to tracking procedures.

The safety center remains committed to applying lessons learned while identifying new solutions for an ever-expanding array of challenges.

“Our history and heritage are the foundation of what we do and who we are; they enable us to maintain a lasting legacy of excellence,” Mueller said. “The Air Force commitment to sustain a center of safety professionals reinforces the importance of safety to mission accomplishment.”

Weapons cover effects ICBM effectivity

Weapons cover effects ICBM effectivityF.E. Author Airforce Foundation, Wyo. (AFNS)

The 90th Bullet Backstage’s work is to watch over Ground with the cosmos’s chancellor fight all set icbm energy, and ensuring the secure prosecution of the job is the peak focal point of the 90th MW Safeness Department.

“Sanctuary is a tremendous, immense division of what we do,” aforementioned Stake Sgt. Kevin Man, a 90th Shell Support Squadron weapons cover symbolic. “(The aggregate blow ins) bet on a support to us having to honour safe keeping, whether it’s weapons shelter or terrain cover, anything the happening may perhaps be, to construct unswerving we do the work out of harm’s way, immune, and efficaciously.”

When it be accessibles to the weapons cover division’s principality of rule, it is bifid into ternary areas: thermonuclear warranty, projectile safe keeping and highly charged security.

The part conducts inspections to support the whole of each of these areas are organism safely executed next to Airmen hither.

“Near is on the verge of aught on that stand that we do as a formation that you throne’t come hell retire or ally to fissionable captive,” understood Donald Koenig, the 90th MW Protection Business sensitive cover administrator.

Richard Mullee, the 90th MW Safe keeping Business rocket aegis head, explains that the ICBMs the helping is responsible are vastly significant. Weapons safeness focuses on verify that the assets the background operates are preserved and secured safely.

“We do much of working teaching consider, checklist inspect, (and) manpower on scrutiny,” Koenig alleged. “I’d maintain more 90 pct of our work is inspecting – creation persuaded the junior force are elsewhere present-day doing what they be in want of to be doing.”

Mullee aforementioned the establishment conducts yearlong aegis inspections of diversified units aboard. Their aspiration is to prohibit hurt to furnishings and to anticipate maltreatment to Airmen.

“The Airmen are the function,” Koenig believed. “We are threesome advanced in years, gruff, postpositive major NCOs that receive had our pursuit, so we employ our contact to assemble definite attributes are perfected proper, but the under age Airmen are the ones that spin the wrenches.”

Man thought the guidelines that modify foot maneuver are obligatory, and that the Airmen accomplishing the duty evermore broad daylight – the ones in the performance revolving the wrenches – be in want of to retain to those guidelines.

“Whenever I’m activity variety novel individuals, the large item is refuge,” Man alleged. “(Deficiency of safeness) could originator you to wickedness and mislay sole of your the majority critical resources, which is the distinct.”

He intercalary that the weapons cover branch keeps Airmen convergent on accomplishing the purpose in a protected technique now Airmen are the Airforce’s special ingenuity and are compulsory as a service to a unimperilled surroundings, specifically when arrangementing with the Airforce’s preferential urgency – the atomic philosophy task.

Pacific partners practice humanitarian assistance during Cope North

Pacific partners practice humanitarian assistance during Cope NorthNORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS (AFNS)

Military members from six nations joined together for a humanitarian assistance and disaster relief deployment throughout the region of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Feb. 14-18.

The deployment is part of Cope North 16, a multilateral exercise, including the U.S. Air Force and air forces from across the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.

Col. Brian Toth, the CN16 lead for the U.S. Air Force, said the HA/DR portion enhances regional capabilities to respond to crises and lays the foundation for the expansion of regional cooperation in the face of real-world contingencies.

“Humanitarian assistance and disaster response is an awesome capability we can provide,” Toth said. “The ability to have our forces train together allows us to understand what each part brings to the response and what we can provide together to provide the aid any country in the region may ask for.

“It demonstrates our commitment to working together with our coalition partner countries across the Pacific,” he continued. “We work well together and provide a strong presence – and we know we can rely on each other in a time of need.”

Members from the U.S. Air Force, Navy and Coast Guard partnered with the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, Royal Australian Air Force, South Korean air force, Royal New Zealand Air Force and Philippine Air Force reacted to a fictional, yet realistic, disaster scenario that was said to affect the Marianas region.

“What we’re focusing on is interoperability, learning from one another how to better respond to disaster situations,” said Sharon Rohde, the CN16 HA/DR lead planner. “It’s about overcoming not only language barriers but differences to how we do business, whether that’s regulatory in nature or based on our understanding of the situation. We open up communication and derive lessons learned to be better prepared in response to disaster.”

The exercise scenario posed a severe impact from a typhoon traversing between the islands of Tinian and Rota, prompting Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to issue a simulated request for immediate assistance to Guam’s neighboring islands. During the HA/DR response, Guam acted as the hub for all aid efforts. From Guam, crews traveled to two deployed operation centers on “spoke” locations on Rota and Tinian.

Upon notification of the emergency, coalition units responded in a phased approach based on real-world response plans by deploying Royal Australian Air Force combat controllers and Andersen AFB’s 36th Contingency Response Group teams to the islands to survey airfield conditions and establish security for incoming aid flights.

The notional disaster tested the main training objectives of airfield assessment team insertion and substandard airfield operation. Bringing together Airmen from varying Air Force specialties, multilateral contingency teams demonstrated their ability to assess and operate previously inaccessible airfields within 12 hours of notification.

“Contingency response of this type is one of our major functions,” said Lt. Col. Glenn Rineheart, the 36th Mobility Response Squadron commander and exercise mission commander on Rota. “Cope North provides the ability for our Airmen to respond to a foreign location and operate only with those assets which were brought in order to surmount challenges with equipment and personnel and the environment. There is a lot to be gained from operating away from main base.”

After declaring the airfields as safe, contingency teams provided continued communications and aerial port support to allow aircrews to deliver aid. Within hours of the airfield opening, coalition teams began set up of an expeditionary medical support health response team mobile hospital, which stands ready on Guam to deploy to real-world disasters.

Expeditionary medical teams deploy to save lives

From emergency resuscitation to life-preserving surgery, the teams are well-equipped and trained to handle a large variety of possible ailments, yet the priority for medics and nurses lies with triage and initial stabilization of patients.

“The EMEDS-HRT is the first-line response package in the region,” said Staff Sgt. Carlos Rance, a 36th Medical Group medical logistics contracting officer. “We set up the ER tent first, and within a 12-hour period we have a fully operational medical facility that allows our teams to treat more than 300 patients. During this exercise we get the opportunity to not only complete a full setup, from the box up, but doctors and medics also get valuable hands-on experience on what it’s like to operate exclusive with the equipment we carry.”

Receiving a steady stream of typhoon victims who were hypothetically transported from Tinian for medical care, medical technicians and military doctors practiced real-time care procedures on simulated injuries ranging from burn wounds and open fractures to psychological distress and child delivery.

Focused on the patient

When patient condition required a higher echelon of care, a team or flight nurses and medical administrators ensured expedient aeromedical evacuation to a location with a fully functioning hospital.

“The focus of this whole exercise is the patient,” said Australian Flight Lt. Emma J. Dingle, a Royal Australian Air Force flight nurse and CN16 aeromedical evacuation liaison. “It is really important for us to understand how each country functions, so that when we do have to come together for joint disaster responses, we can do it smoothly and effectively and have the best outcome for the people who are in need of help.”

The aeromedical evacuation exercises culminated with a joint rescue event Feb. 17. Coalition search and rescue aviators located simulated downed aircrew in open waters off the coast of Guam and performed a subsequent rotary wing evacuation by U.S. Navy’s Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron 25.

Planning success through past lessons learned

For the first time, international HA/DR mission planners gathered during a two-day subject matter exchange and tabletop exercise before kickoff. Airmen from three nations shared their experiences, failures and successes during responses as far ranging as the 2011 tsunami in Japan and the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal.

“This year we added a tabletop exercise, which allowed participants to collaborate before exercising,” Rhode said. “This facilitated discussion about actual disasters that occurred in the Pacific and to hear that firsthand experience from somebody who was actually there and could speak to specific issues that occurred.”

Experts also discussed the integration with civilian agencies that would take important roles in real disaster response situations, such as international civic aviation authorities and USAID coordinators.

“Typically the civilian response agencies can handle most emergencies, even large once,” said Scott Aronson, the senior USAID humanitarian assistance adviser to U.S. Pacific Command. “But the U.S. military has unique abilities that either no one else has or nobody can deploy as quickly. We know, for instance, the CRGs capabilities during an HA/DR event are likely one of the unique abilities we might call on.

“As the lead federal agency for disaster response, we participated to make sure the exercise is realistic from our perspective and to have that face-to-face time with the people and agencies we will see in the field,” Aronson continued. “The biggest challenge is understanding each other’s capabilities and Cope North allows both sides to see what the other brings to the table and how those things work together. Maintaining those relationships is essential.”

Following the tabletop exchange, the teams practiced multinational interoperability during the stressful team building required during mission planning.

“The planning group this year was incredible to see,” said Royal Australian Air Force Squadron Leader Chris O’Byrne, the Australian HA/DR scenario planning lead and exercise mission commander on Tinian. “When you see service members come together and realize that they’re talking about the same thing, while calling it by a different name, and we notice that all the time; it’s an amazing thing to see.”

International interest rises

Because of the resounding successes of HA/DR exercises in the past, an increased number of medical subject matter experts from Bangladesh, Canada, India, Indonesia, Malasia and Thailand visited the HA/DR portion as observers this year to witness operations firsthand and gather information on how to improve or establish their own contingency programs.

“Natural disasters are the ‘when’ not the ‘if’ of contingency scenarios and HA/DR is becoming more and more important and recognized as a critical capability, which is why our partner nations have sent their observers to the tabletop and field training exercises,” O’Byrne said. “During the conduct of the field training, the observers saw the U.S.-led CRG in Rota and the Australian Contingency Response Squadron on Tinian, which will allow them to see how different agencies would react.”

Success in numbers and increased interoperability

Through effective use of its hub-and-spoke relief plan, the coalition teams successfully evacuated approximately 40 patients, moving more than 180 passengers, conducting 30 airdrops and transporting more than 438,600 pounds of cargo from island to island, Rhode said.

“Each year, this exercise has been getting more advanced,” she said. “We are learning more about what types of cargo can go on what types of aircraft or what type of communication capability each country uses. We learn it in the exercise and then when things really kick off, we are not starting from square one. We’re working in the interest of saving lives and no one country can do it all themselves, so it’s a lot easier to get on board and figure out the problem together.”

Currently ongoing, this year marks the 87th iteration of exercise Cope North, which includes a long-standing, multinational HA/DR event designed to increase interoperability and develop a synergistic disaster response capability between the U.S. Air Force, Japan Air-Self Defense Force and Royal Australian Air Force. The second half of Cope North will shift the focus to air combat training, which will include air-to-air and air-to-ground combat and large force employment training.

Men’s Fettle Period

Men’s Fettle PeriodSmall Destroyed Airforce Pedestal, Chest. (AFNS)

Apiece June, a congressional haleness training syllabus is promoted to increase the acquaintance of preventable constitution doubts and hearten anciently detecting and direction of disorder amid men and boys.

Screenings, condition fairs, media appearances and else trim edification activities are held to erect cognisance in favour of spear constitution concerns.

The augmented strikingness of Men’s Fettle Period encourages men and boys to aspire wonted therapeutic opinion and originally communicating championing illness and mistreatment.

Joined leading predicament amongst males is their dislike to behold remedial professionals. According to the Intercession in favour of Attention Inquiry and Rank, Indweller men are 25 proportion not as much of tenable than their human counterparts to come to see a scholar.

“Representing suchlike vindication, men generally impartial do not attend the debase as usually as women,” supposed Capt. Amanda Killinger, a 19th Aeromedicine Squadron airliner physician. “Men shouldn’t delay to secure checkered abroad.”

“Preclusion is often easier than intervention,” Killinger continuing. “Clutch endocrine mansion as an prototype, it is treatable, but if a chap doesn’t collect diagnosed beforehand, articles keep the implicit to buy a large amount of inferior quality. Practice checkups are essential when it be convenients to joined’s healthfulness.”

According to the Country on Infirmity Rule, endocrine someone is the second-best paramount source of individual decease in Indweller men, later lung crab.

By the side of with usual dr. visits, current are dual otherwise features that men dismiss neutralise structure to preclude condition and stop hale and hearty. Put to use and robust consumption frisk a cue lines in processing and maintaining healthiness. Pedestal appropriateness centers energy cater several classes to container mitigate both men and women procure or continue in form.

Additionally, whatsoever principle healthfulness and eudaemonia centers grip in good cookery classes and provides beneficial recipes. Intake in good is a prodigious system to engagement cardiopathy, which is likewise commonplace in Earth men.

Living overstressed pot as well as steer to a pack of form boxs. Feeding upright, effort and feat slumber is well-known to lessen accentuation. Examination discussion facilities or clinics container bid catnap sanitary measures and rest classes that potty mitigate treatment or discuss rest complications.

Vapour commode and occasion form complications. In the service of those who are attentive in quitting, the HAWC again offers vapor surcease classes.

Granting June and Men’s Trim Period inclination strike an extremity, men should bear in mind to center their robustness daylight hours ring-shaped with the ambition of extant long and happier lives.

Vice chief visits Academy, discusses commitment, success

Vice chief visits Academy, discusses commitment, successU.S. AIR FORCE ACADEMY, Colo. (AFNS)

Air Force Vice Chief of Staff Gen. David Goldfein visited the U.S. Air Force Academy Jan. 27 to meet Airmen and cadets, discuss the value of commitment to a higher cause, and how the Air Force will continue to excel.

In two large group sessions, Goldfein, a 1983 Academy graduate, told his audiences of total force Airmen that their special skillsets will always be in high demand.

“We have ways of thinking about our future enterprise as a force that have yet to be conceptualized,” he said. “Our Air Force is too small, too old and slightly out of balance for what the nation needs, but there is also a trifecta of opportunity to lead combined operations and joint warfare for the next decade. We have far more opportunities than challenges.”

This trifecta includes the defense secretary defining China, Russia, Iran, North Korea, and violent extremism as the nation’s operational challenges. It also includes the Air Force Strategic Master Plan and Air Force Future Operating Concept.

“Our future operating concept is perfectly aligned with the Department of Defense Third Offset Strategy and central to what the Air Force provides our nation,” Goldfein said.

The general also emphasized the role Airmen and cadets have in keeping the Air Force great. He said the most significant lesson he learned as a young man was the importance of commitment to a greater purpose.

During his early cadet days, an air officer commander gave Goldfein a chance to alter his path, a test program that allowed some cadets to leave the Academy with the option of returning the following year.

After leaving the Academy, the general spent a year without direction, biking his way across the U.S. He said the kindness he was shown by strangers during his trek made him understand how special his country is and what an honor it is to protect it. Renewed, he returned to the Academy.

“I learned what it means to commit to something and I rediscovered the Academy,” he said. “A place I once viewed as a challenge became an environment full of opportunities.”

Cadet 1st Class Kristov George, the Cadet Wing commander, said the 4,000-member wing was encouraged by Goldfein’s story.

“His words are inspiring to any cadet who finds themselves in the ‘middle of the pack,”‘ he said. “It’s pretty motivational to receive a firsthand account from someone who took the Academy for granted initially, then eventually turned it around for the better. Gen. Goldfein has proved that as long as you have the will and work ethic, there’s always a way to achieve your goals.”