Air Force continues to improve care in the air

Air Force continues to improve care in the airThe Air Force is committed to research and development for advancements in en route patient care.

The Air Mobility Command Surgeon General’s office and researchers across the Air Force, to include the 711th Human Resource Wing at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, have been working together to improve how the Air Force provides care in the air. The AMC/SG is responsible for clinical oversight of the Air Force aeromedical evacuation (AE) system.

“Over the last 15 years, the joint community has made tremendous strides in providing care to our wounded warriors,” said Col. Susan Dukes, the En Route Care Research Division chief for the Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine at Wright Patterson AFB.

“We now have programs of research specific to en route care. It’s very important to clinicians and researchers to capture lessons learned in order to improve our policies and procedures for patient care,” Dukes added.

About every 12 to18 months, AMC conducts a capability based assessment which informs the surgeon general’s office where gaps are across the en route care spectrum. Gaps are categorized in areas such as doctrine, personnel, and facilities, and assist AMC/SG with focusing its research efforts, said Col. Andrea Gooden, the En route Medical Care Division chief for AMC/SG.

Many of the questions asked by researchers require a series of studies to reach an evidence-based approach that informs policy or changes clinical practice, Dukes said.

Researchers are studying the stresses of flight and the various impacts of transport, such as hypoxia and vibration, she said. Findings from these studies will help identify what needs to be done differently while caring for patients in the en route care system compared to care provided to patients in the hospital environment.

Dukes said over the years, another aspect of researched care has been pain control. Research has shown that if severe pain is not controlled early on, it can lead to problems with chronic pain. Controlling severe pain following devastating injuries has also been suggested to protect against the development of post-traumatic stress syndrome.

“The Air Force is trying to look at better ways to manage pain within the en route care system,” Dukes said. “Identifying pain management challenges was the first step. We are now looking at interventions, to include the use of regional anesthesia for our critical care and AE patients. We are also researching diversion and music therapy as non-pharmacological measures for pain control in our non-critical patients.”

She said studies have been completed by other researchers to assess the effectiveness of alternative pain management methods, such as acupuncture.

Another documented research gap is the need to understand the relationship between the time of the injury and the time to transport. A study recently released by researchers at the University Of Maryland School Of Medicine revealed evidence suggesting air evacuations of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients may pose a significant added risk, potentially causing additional damage to already injured brains. Identifying the impact of transport and the best time to transport patients with different disease processes or injuries are questions military researchers have been studying for several years, Dukes said.

This study was looking at the timing of simulated transport with different amounts of oxygen administered using an animal model, Dukes noted. Additional studies are needed before these findings can be applied to policy.

“We are taking it into consideration as we look at how we care for our TBI patients,” Gooden said. “Our flight surgeons evaluate each patient individually as they are validated for movement. We are taking the research seriously, but we really need to replicate in a human model before we change policy.”

The Defense Department is also developing a new electronic health record to be pushed across all services soon. The AMC Surgeon General’s office aims to provide a solution to the disconnect between ground medical capabilities to the AE capability, Gooden said. Currently, there is an electronic record of care received on the ground, but not in the air.

“If you consider where you are taking off from and what agencies are delivering the patient and then subsequently receiving the patients, if they are not all using the same program, it quickly becomes complex,” said Lt. Col. William Thoms, the aeromedical evacuation clinical operations chief for AMC/SG. “When we land to pick up our patients, AE and critical care teams need to be able to receive the data seamlessly to provide further positive outcomes.”

The goal is for the AE crews to be able to telecommute or reach out to communicate to ground sources, he said. This will enable the providers on the ground to give AE personnel definitive and clear guidance on how to take care of any crisis taking place in the air.

How AE Airmen train also plays in an integral role in operational readiness and improved care. AMC/SG recently led a high performance team focused on clinical sustainment training for AE, patient staging and critical care. The results identified research is needed on the use and effectiveness of simulation in clinical training.

“Our number one priority is incorporating simulation into our clinical training requirements,” Gooden said. “We are trying to incorporate and standardize training across the total force: AE, patient staging and critical care elements. Eventually having the ability to cross train the services would benefit every en route care node.”

For instance, the command is hoping to create clinical training centers for excellence which would include en route care research along with the AE, patient staging and critical care disciplines, said Lt. Col. James Speight, the chief of AE clinical training for AMC/SG.

The research lab is looking at using virtual environments, gaming and personalized training to keep AE members proficient.

“We are hoping to understand how much simulation is effective to properly train the critical care, AE and patient staging personnel,” Speight said.

It is a huge undertaking to standardize simulation training across the spectrum, he said.

“There’s an initiative moving forward to incorporate training and networking across the services because, when we look at the en route care system, it’s not just the Air Force,” Speight said. “We have initiatives underway to help provide standardized integrated training and preparation so the entire en route care process can be as safe as possible for our patients.”

The DOD, through many initiatives, has improved the survival rate of wounded warriors since the advent of operations in U.S. Central Command. Continually improving care through the use of evidence-based practice is a key area supporting these improvements. As a result of research and innovative training, care in the air will continue to improve in the future.

Anatolian Raptor 15 concludes

Anatolian Raptor 15 concludesKONYA, Flop (AFNS)

Anatolian Raptor 15, a connection schooling discharge ‘tween the Land and U.S. aura forces, terminated hither June 18.

The U.S. Sense Forces in Assemblage and Feeling Forces Continent deployed 12 F-15 Eagles from the 48th Shielder Airfoil, at Imperial Airforce Lakenheath, England. Meanwhile the two-week practise, the 493rd Warplane Squadron complete 72 sorties and about 122 moving hours, which resulted in a stronger partnership and reinforced interoperability amidst the figure nations.

Lt. Gap. Bathroom Stratton, the 493rd FS man, believed the large-force instruction was 1 to Colored Ensign exercises in the U.S., where participants accomplish a medley of work sets against a healthy and bellicose foe power.

“It increases our interoperability as it gives our pilots a fate to close, to function method, transient, through and debrief,” he thought. “So we throne note what mechanism and what doesn’t in a seam union scenery so we grasp how well enough we’re wealthy to be capable to discharge in whatsoever tomorrow purpose.”

The grooming’s calculated discovery too allowed the U.S. Airforce to discharge operating and supply processes and deploy to, function in and on all sides Collection, which extra enhanced USAFE-AFAFRICA’s position in maintaining regional dependability.

Country Airforce Lt. Pass. Abidin Tanrisever, the 123rd Weapons and Procedure Squadron boss, aforementioned Anatolian Raptor presents reasonable upbringing environments in favour of combined and colleague nations with compare favourably with practices and doctrines.

“Just out action indicate that close up coordination and explicit act is greatly significant in the prosecution of the useable design,” he supposed.

“To sail and entourage with the U.S. Airforce,” Tanrisever thought, “is a big possibleness to custom our interoperability and likewise since we division verging on the changeless article of faith and take up arms against.”

Both pilots and dirt perpetuation Airmen from the U.S. displayed prodigious professionalism and Aviation amid the bring to bear, he famous.

The length of with the U.S., the wield brought as one aura forces from the U.K., Espana, Deutschland, Pakistan and a compounded NATO entity to new step up accords and protect conflict willingness.

U.S. Airforce Capt. Jason Author, a 493rd FS aeronaut, thought Anatolian Raptor wasn’t fair-minded a huge grooming effect, but an possibleness to step up accords with alinement.

“The partnerships we construct hither in the bring to bear as we’re in Flop are to a great extent consequential not lone at present, book learning from apiece added,” he assumed, “but additionally dialect mayhap those partnerships that we trust on tomorrow with our confederative countries.”

Operation Desert Storm: 25 years later, AMC doing more with less

Operation Desert Storm: 25 years later, AMC doing more with lessSCOTT AIR FORCE BASE, Ill. (AFNS)

Iraqi forces attacked Kuwait Aug. 2, 1990, setting into motion a massive military response from a coalition of nations to protect Saudi Arabia from invasion with Operation Desert Shield. After Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein refused to withdraw from Kuwait, Desert Shield gave way to Operation Desert Storm Jan. 17, 1991, and soon concluded with a ceasefire at the end of February.

Twenty-five years later, Mobility Air Forces are continuing to fuel the fight and provide airlift with most of the same airframes the Air Force used during Desert Storm.

Jan. 17 marks the 25th anniversary of the total force performing the most rapid airlift movement in history. Nearly 472,800 people and approximately 465,000 tons of cargo were deployed to the Persian Gulf in eight months.

The buildup

Airlift and air refueling enabled the rapid arrival of the first U.S. forces in Desert Shield. Two F-15 Eagle squadrons from Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, arrived in Saudi Arabia on Aug. 7, 1990.

Military Airlift Command launched its first airlift mission that day as well, a C-141 mission from Charleston AFB, South Carolina, carrying airlift control elements.

Within the next 24 hours, ALCEs were in place in Saudi Arabia to manage the airlift flow. The ALCE personnel and cargo were carried on 37 C-141s, 10 C-5 Galaxies and 10 C-130 Hercules missions. U.S. Transportation Command completed the largest unit deployment ever via air with 412 strategic airlift aircraft. From Aug. 8-26, the Strategic Airlift Command airlifted the 82nd Airborne Division to Saudi Arabia while simultaneously moving the 101st Airborne Division from Aug. 17-25.

In a little more than two months, the XVIII Airborne Corps, consisting of an airborne division, an air-assault division, two heavy divisions, an armored cavalry regiment, and the requisite array of combat support and combat service support assets, deployed. The arriving inventory included more than 120,000 troops, 700 tanks, 1,400 armored fighting vehicles, and 600 artillery pieces.

Not long into the operation, a lack of spare parts impeded the buildup to Desert Storm. To help cope with priority deliveries, TRANSCOM established a special code 9AU and an airlift system to support. On Oct. 30, 1990, Mobility Air Forces began a special airlift operation called Desert Express to provide daily delivery of spare parts considered absolutely crucial to the war effort.

This was a new concept of airlift operations, which involved C-141 deliveries from Charleston AFB to Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. With a stop for refueling, the journey took about 17 hours one way, according to a document titled “So Many, So Much, So Far, So Fast: United States Transportation Command and Strategic Deployment for Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm.”

On Dec. 23, the airlift sustainment backlog peaked 10,300 tons. On Feb. 13, USTRANSCOM began flying a second C-141 flight per day to tackle the backlog until it was discontinued May 20, 1991. By the end of the war, Desert Express flew nearly 135 missions.

Operation Desert Storm

Directed by USTRANSCOM, the Military Airlift Command managed the Desert Shield/Desert Storm strategic airlift. MAC’s active-duty force joined with MAC-gained aircraft and crews from the Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard to make up a total strategic airlift force.

The “surge” of total force and the first activation of the Civilian Reserve Airlift Fleet was essential to the Desert Shield/Desert Storm success. There were 12,894 strategic airlift missions during both operations.

Commercial airline augmentation was also crucial to the airlift effort. The Civil Reserve Air Fleet was activated for the first time during Desert Shield/Desert Storm and flew 3,309 missions.

Altogether, commercial aircraft delivered 321,005 passengers and 145,225 tons of cargo, including 64 percent of passenger movements, according to the USTRANSCOM historical document.

On the military airlift side, the C-130 supported intra-theater needs and is credited with 1,193 tactical airlift missions. More than 145 C-130 aircraft deployed in support of Desert Shield/Desert Storm. The C-130s flew 46,500 sorties and moved more than 209,000 people and 300,000 tons of supplies within the theater.

The C-141 was called the “workhorse” of Desert Shield/Desert Storm, according to the USTRANSCOM document. It flew 8,536 strategic airlift missions, followed by the C-5 with 3,770; the KC-10 with 379 and the C-9 with 209. The C-141 and C-5 accounted for 361,147 tons, or 66 percent of the cargo airlifted in support of the Gulf War.

Gen. Hansford T. Johnson, the MAC commander at the time, compared the first few weeks of deployment effort to airlifting a small city.

“We moved, in essence, a Midwestern town the size of Lafayette, Indiana, or Jefferson City, Missouri,” Johnson was quoted as saying in the MAC history book. “In addition, we’ve also moved the equivalent of all their cars, trucks, foodstuffs, stocks, household goods and water supply.”

The Strategic Airlift Command led refueling missions during Desert Shield/Desert Storm.

“Once the deployment order was given on Aug. 7, 1990, tankers played an integral role in getting forces and aircraft to the deployed theater of operations,” retired Air Force Gen. Kenneth Keller, the former SAC director of operations, said during a 2009 AMC Tanker Living Legends Speaker Series.

Seven B-52Gs from Barksdale AFB, Louisiana, dropped the first bombs to initiate Operation Desert Storm Jan. 17, 1991. The bombers launched 35 conventional air launch cruise missiles, flew 14,000 miles for more than 35 hours without landing.

These were the first combat sorties launched for the liberation of Kuwait in support of Operation Desert Storm, and it marked the longest combat sortie flight totaling 14,000 miles in 35 hours and 24 minutes. This mission required multiple four inflight refuels outbound and four returning, according to the Air Force Global Strike Command.

“Without the phenomenal tanker support we had for the war, we could not have accomplished what we did,” retired Lt. Gen. Patrick Caruana said in the Tanker Living Legends Speaker Series. Caruana was the U.S. Central Air Forces’ air campaign planner and commander during Desert Shield/Desert Storm.

Tankers flew 4,967 sorties and off-loaded more than 28.2 million gallons of fuel to 14,588 receivers during the 132 days of Desert Shield buildup, according to the Air Force History Office document “Seventy-Five Years of Inflight Refueling.” The 43 days of Desert Storm included 15,434 sorties and dispensed 110.2 million gallons of fuel to U.S. and allied aircraft.

“Desert Shield and Desert Storm demonstrated the U.S. Air Force’s capability to respond to crisis and contingency situations in times of intense demand with limited resources,” said Gen. Carlton D. Everhart II, the AMC commander. “Today, Headquarters AMC planners evaluate these operations to determine more efficient methods of providing rapid global mobility and enhance AMC’s agility.”

Evolution of Air Mobility Command

Following Desert Storm, SAC and MAC merged to form Air Mobility Command. One constant through the years is the demand for rapid global mobility through aeromedical evacuation, airlift and aerial refueling. Today, AMC is meeting high demands with a smaller force and older fleet.

In the past 25 years, AMC retired the C-141B/C and the C-9A; made improvements to current airframes, C-5, KC-135 Stratotanker, C-130 and C-17 Globemaster III; and adopted a new airframe, the KC-46 Pegasus.

Mobility Airmen are off-loading more fuel now in support of the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant than what was offloaded when U.S. forces were on the ground in Iraq, operating with only 27 percent of the KC-135 fleet size originally assigned to AMC in 1992.

During 2010, at the height of Operation Enduring Freedom, Mobility Air Forces moved 856,208 short tons of cargo the most in OEF history, compared to 543,548 short tons moved in the Gulf War. That same year, AMC had 429 aircraft assigned, less than half of the number of aircraft assigned at its inception in 1992.

“For the past 25 years since Desert Storm and Desert Shield, the (United States) has been in a state of continuous conflict,” said Terry Johnson, the Air Mobility Command’s air, space and information operations deputy director on Scott AFB, Illinois. “As we come out of Southwest Asia and shift from a constant state of continuous conflict, (Air Mobility Command’s) focus needs to return to maintaining readiness especially after a period of fiscal austerity.”

Today, there’s one Mobility Air Forces departure every 2.8 minutes, every day, 365 days per year.

“The Air Force puts the ‘rapid’ in global mobility,” Gen. Everhart said. “AMC is still required to support an increasingly demanding operations tempo while preserving the capability to surge if called upon. Without our total force and Civil Reserve Air Fleet partners, surge operations would be almost impossible.”

Foremost recruiter serves with self-esteem

Foremost recruiter serves with self-esteem(LGBT comrades from Buckley Airforce Principle, River, allocation their stories of doubt, sorrow and longing.)

BUCKLEY Airforce Foundation, Colo. (AFNS) (That aspect is fragment of the “Because of Airmen’s Eyes” succession on These stories center a one Flyer, lightness their Airforce record.)

With the rescind of the “clothe oneself in’t query, dress’t refer to” procedure, innumerable LGBT Airmen change alike they could lastly be agape approximately who they are; that included a prime barrister as a service to the Quality Keep Organisation Center Buckley Airforce Bottom.

Chieftain Sgt. Clocksmith Metcalf was calved in Short In ruins, River in 1982. He aforementioned he grew up in a working class relatives that was no newcomer to nutriment stamps, payment the foremost ix living of his sentience extant on a grange with his figure siblings.

Metcalf’s matriarch married the Service when he was eighter time long-lived and, Metcalf aforesaid, it denaturised the route of his kith and kin’s complete entity. It was an balance on the side of the Metcalfs and was his earliest commencement to the force manner.

Anon, astern a unsuccessful undertake at college, Metcalf absolute that he would adhere to in his female parent’s footsteps and link the martial.

“My matriarch was a immense hold on ground I hot to fasten the militaristic,” Metcalf thought. “I proverb how it overturned my kith and kin’s survival on all sides, and I knew that I on no account treasured to be fearful roughly legal tender once more.”

Metcalf held he initially cherished to tie the Seafaring Unit, now that’s what he thinking the acutance of a “gink” was; yet, he wasn’t still a permissible 1 and his mom wouldn’t teamwork her concede.

Since Metcalf didn’t be versed how to travel, the Blueness was into the open air. He as well figured that if he didn’t fancy to be in the Grey and didn’t deem that the Marines Cadre would be whatever easier, the Airforce was the honest department in support of him.

Subsequently succeeding be means of his inaugural Airforce teaching, Metcalf originate himself at his primary burden standing on Writer Airforce Groundwork, Island. Contained by his head cardinal or ternion months of organism on site, he heard that he was beneath probe in behalf of animation jolly.

“A ally of pit told me that he had heard I was underneath enquiry,” Metcalf assumed. “It was grotesque considering I didn’t uniform do anything. I’m not steadfast how they got the plan. It taught me that I should not be unlatched nearby actuality festive and I should be wary close by the citizens who be familiar with and be aware with my mannerisms and bits.”

Not protracted afterward his examination began, 9/11 happened and his request had larger articles to center, he whispered.

Metcalf held his first taught him to be wary and not till hell freezes over receive to life homosexual.

“I conditions told anyone that I was joyous, their assumptions buoy be their assumptions,” he understood. “But as big as I not ever told anyone I was festive, I knew I’d be moderately sanction.”

Metcalf was at that moment transmitted to Ramstein Zephyr Foot, Deutschland, where he was masterful to be unbarred about his Airmen. He was adept to babble unashamedly nearby his lover at the interval in that of his prop up alliance and the Inhabitant way existence solon patient of gays.

But championing citizens he wasn’t lock with, he placid had his secrets. He well-informed to iltrate the policy of expression “Danielle” when vocalization round his man, Darnell, and ever-changing the whole of each his “he’s” to “she’s.” Now of instructor’t enquire of, river’t recount, Metcalf peaceful had to commemorate to conserve his stories mutually. Best a fall apart entity was at the present time his criterion.

Afterward his stretch in Frg, he returned invest in to the U.S., which as well as meant he had to reappear to licking who he was.

It was a bright proceed at the span, he believed. But abaft sestet and a one-half geezerhood of brisk work maintenance, he transitioned into the Keep to so that he could run one’s eye over primary and inform how to pull through exterior the force. It gave him the occasion likelihood to physical a noncombatant way of life and be roughly mass who were additional taking of his sensuous alignment, he supposed.

On Sep 20, 2011, man’t query, instructor’t narrate was repealed and it denaturised Metcalf’s sustenance. He was instant clever to be unbolted around who he was. He was instant clever to be himself and not be vexed round mayhap losing his appointment in excess of his sensuous bearings.

“I heard it above the ghetto-blaster,” he supposed. “I was going Buckley AFB individual time and I heard the head tongued. I did not make real how overmuch of an outcome it’d be engaged to me. I was impulsive and I heard him remark the vocabulary in the speaking and I started insistent. In lone brisk proceed, he even-handed validated my undiminished personnel job.”

Metcalf’s 12 time, doubled deployments to Afghanistan, Irak and Peninsula, beingness stationed in double countries, and doing his first in the service of the Airforce, were the totality of validated in only awarding, he thought.

“It calm builds me wound up to deliberate,” he assumed.

Irrespective of the recall, null was contrary the succeeding light of day at occupation, he aforementioned. Metcalf didn’t bring in to his coworkers as a service to added cardinal age, but afterward a whilst he didn’t manipulate alike it was even-handed to have his confederate a under cover.

“It was liberation,” he aforesaid on every side reaching gone away from. “You pull on’t bring about how often significance you bear round an issuance until it’s distant and you stool see the pressure uninvolved.”

Amid final daylight hours’s Gay Joyous Ac/dc Transgendered Dignity thirty days, Metcalf told his record. He aforementioned his quarrel filled the swarm with mutter, smiles and acclaim.

Participation of Metcalf’s afflatus representing comely a chief barrister was to succour Airmen by way of strong age akin to he knowledgeable, he understood.

“I do that to be contemporary in favour of citizenry therein stretch and that evolution in the Airforce and freehanded them the buttress they want and few control they lack then,” he understood. “Realizing that they, overly, buoy thrive, and they purposefulness support, and they drive carry on their calling, and they pot bump into rendezvous with the complete aspirations they get.”

Metcalf hopes to witness, in the later of the Airforce and the U.S., an the same staff in the service of every bit of LGBT and direct Airmen.

“My expectation booming advance is that LGBT components plateful in the martial and obtain served in the soldierly are competent to participate in the freedoms that we maintain served to keep,” he thought.

Metcalf wants every one to recognize that in the face of what mortal’s genital attitude, qualifications or anecdote is, if they keep definite to wait on, that is every bit of that matters, he assumed.

“I am African-American. I am a boy. I am a gentleman.. I am in the Airforce, and I am festive,” he thought. “But not a single person of those erect me a distinct identifier. It’s substantial to me that I am seen as I crave to be seen, and that is as an Aviator in the Airforce.”

Kadena launches Pacific region’s first MC-130J five-ship formation flight

Kadena launches Pacific region's first MC-130J five-ship formation flightKADENA AIR BASE, Japan (AFNS)

Instead of the usual howl of jet engines, members of Kadena Air Base heard the growl of 120 turboprop blades chopping the air as the 17th Special Operations Squadron’s MC-130J Commando IIs dominated the airfield scene Feb. 17.

Within an hour of standing by at stations, the aircraft took to the skies during the Pacific region’s first five-ship formation flight involving the new specialized mobility aircraft.

The formation was part of the 353rd Special Operations Group’s training exercise that tested the 17th SOS and the 353rd Special Operations Maintenance Squadron to launch a short-notice, large-scale tasking.

“We routinely fly two ships, but we mobilized five ships to test our ability to generate aircraft in full force, to make sure our maintenance can support that, and to make sure we can do the planning in case we are ever asked to fly a large formation,” said Maj. Brad Talley, the 17th SOS assistant director of operations.

As part of that assessment, team members evaluated their formation flying and short runway landings; combat systems operators tested their cargo air drop timing; and loadmasters tested their cargo delivery system rigging abilities.

“We mobilized all available personnel in the squadron to execute this mission, while all five planes were able to accomplish all cargo drops, land in a small landing zone, maintain formation, and return safely,” Talley said.

Though the team successfully accomplished the exercise objectives, it wasn’t a simple process. Despite complex procedures, the 17th SOS Jakal team members overcame the challenges to ensure mission completion.

“The most difficult portion was the planning and safe execution of the mission, since most of our squadron isn’t used to that level of de-confliction complexity,” said Senior Airman Zach Harmon, a 17th SOS MC-130J Commando II loadmaster.

To Talley, the best part of the mission was seeing the whole team fly together and build camaraderie.

“My favorite part was flying in close formation with all my Jakal brethren, exploring various formation geometries, and seeing how well each crew flew,” Talley said.

The 17th SOS was activated as a permanent unit at Kadena AB on Aug. 1, 1989, and is instrumental in carrying out wartime and contingency operations in support of U.S. and allied special operations forces.

The 17th SOS began the transition from the MC-130P Combat Shadows to the MC-130J Commando IIs in Dec. 2014, with the latest aircraft arriving on Kadena in Oct. 2015. Technological advances allow the Commando II to set new standards for safety and accuracy in executing clandestine missions.

The new aircraft specializes in nighttime, low-level infiltration/exfiltration and resupply of special operations forces as well as air refueling missions for special operations’ vertical lift aircraft.

The 353rd SOG, made up of more than 800 Airmen, is the only Air Force Special Operations Command unit in the Pacific and is integral to AFSOC. The group conducts wartime and contingency operations planning and execution as well as humanitarian and relief operations, all the while maintaining global mobility readiness for special forces around the world.

F-22 Raptors conduct show of force over South Korea

F-22 Raptors conduct show of force over South KoreaOSAN AIR BASE, South Korea (AFNS)

Four U.S. F-22 Raptors conducted a combined formation flight alongside South Korean F-15K Slam Eagles and U.S. F-16 Fighting Falcons here to demonstrate the capabilities of both nations Feb. 17, in response to recent provocative actions by North Korea.

“The F-22 Raptor is the most capable air superiority fighter in the world, and it represents one of many capabilities available for the defense of this great nation. The U.S. maintains an ironclad commitment to the defense of the Republic of Korea,” Lt. Gen. Terrence O’Shaughnessy, the United Nations Command Korea and U.S. Forces Korea deputy commander and U.S. 7th Air Force commander, told reporters.

Lt. Gen. Lee Wang-keon, the South Korea Air Force Operations Command commander, spoke about the strength of the alliance’s air combat capabilities during his brief remarks.

“The ROK and U.S. combined air forces remain ready to deter North Korean threats, and are postured to defeat them with the strength of our combined air combat capability,” Lee said.

U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Nicholas Evans, the 36th Fighter Squadron commander, flew alongside the formation, showcasing Osan Air Base’s readiness mission.

“The combined nature of this flyover highlighted the high level of integration and interoperability between our two air forces, developed through decades of combined training,” Evans said.

“Furthermore, the inclusion of F-22s, and a B-52 in January, demonstrated the firm resolve of all (U.S.) forces as we stand united with our counterparts from the ROK air force,” he added.

The mission demonstrated the strength of the alliance between the U.S. and South Korea and the resolve of both nations to maintain stability on the Korean Peninsula.

Juncture Background Elmendorf-Richardson responds to Alaska wildfires

Juncture Background Elmendorf-Richardson responds to Alaska wildfiresDump Foundation ELMENDORF-RICHARDSON, Alaska (AFNS)

Firefighters from the 673rd Internal Operator Squadron at Junction Groundwork Elmendorf-Richardson fresh aided with the Split of Forestry’s efforts in containing the Salmon wildfire away Tree, Alaska.

The blaze is estimated to shelter surplus 7,000 land of terra firma and, as of June 18, was advised the No. 1 rank in behalf of conflagration resources in the homeland now of how lock it was to a populated limit, thought Painter Donan, the Seam Pedestal Elmendorf-Richardson Ardour and Spare Services ardour supervisor.

“The warmness is fair-minded stimulating,” Donan supposed. “The whole of each the areas not at home present that take cooked are retention the fever, and the tan is objective pulsating poor. Where they’re unavailable is about every bit of sludge road and rail network, thither’s junk neutral in.

“It’s more or less what you’d deliberate over a wartime atmosphere in the unpeopled,” he continuing.

To benefit with efforts, the fundamental principle fling quaternary vehicles, which subsume a morphological train, drinking-water unstable and a underbrush 1.

The morphologic machine is an pinch means intentional to safeguard structures from fires, a large amount akin to the fervour trucks frequently seen everywhere fundamental principle. The bracken contraption is outfitted as a service to succeeding off-road and has a stout purvey of handheld, fire-fighting tools readily obtainable. The soda water fragile holds 4,000 gallons of distilled water.

In uniting to the vehicles, the fundamental principle began rotating 24-hour shifts, apiece consisting of 11 firefighters.

According to brand-new estimates, here are nearly 650 firefighters from Alaska, Canada and the transcontinental U.S. work as one to have the capacity for the Salmon wildfire.

“On top of the existence, we’ve improved up a cute satisfactory operational rapport with many of the district retort partners via activity,” understood Apostle L, the Seam Background Elmendorf-Richardson Passion and Extra Services aide supervisor of particular dealing.

The foot firefighters have need of to be in readiness to reciprocate to a assortment of conflicting fires and own antediluvian disciplined in consequence whereof.

“We’re the whole of each drilled to a customary criterion and our firefighters are in point of fact expert on the side of wildland firefighting past the Alaska Separation of Forestry,” whispered Archangel Lefebvre, the Seam Background Elmendorf-Richardson Ardency and Extra Services deputy leader of transaction. “It’s a appealing hand-in-glove relation.

“That is impartial a division of our appointment but the guys we are effective with, that is their undamaged position,” Lefebvre understood. “So we annoy fluid that familiarity from them.

“It’s stirring to mark our prepubescent guys expire contemporary and be on scale with any of the excellent in the universe,” Lefebvre alleged.

Support firefighters are battle to recover the homes and livelihoods of at-risk homes in the square footage.

“Here is nada these guys are doing that is alluring,” Donan aforementioned. “I possess no have misgivings about in my wit that our guys obtain redeemed around group’s homes and properties.”